Original Investigation

Three-Dimensional Reconstruction of the Semicircular Canals with a Two-Hands Model


  • Rasim Yılmazer
  • Osman Melih Topçuoğlu

Received Date: 08.06.2019 Accepted Date: 24.09.2019 Turk Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019;57(4):176-181


To help understand the anatomy and the diseases of the semicircular canals (SCCs) by defining the three-dimensional reconstruction of the SCCs in a model reconstructed using the two hands (two-hands model) and to determine the three-dimensional configuration of the two hands by measuring the angle between the SCCs and the sagittal plane.


Patients older than 18 years of age with computed tomography (CT) scans of the temporal bones taken between 2017 and 2018 at the Yeditepe University Hospital were included in the study. CT images were evaluated by a radiologist. The angles between every SCC and the sagittal plane were measured with the MIMICS 12.1 program. Mean angles between the SCCs and the sagittal plane were measured. These angles were demonstrated on the twohands model of the SCCs by means of a goniometer and photographed.


Thirty patients and 60 temporal bones were included in the study. Mean angles between the superior, the posterior, and the horizontal SCCs and the sagittal plane were found as 37.1±3.3°, 50.4±4.1°, and 89.5±4.7°, respectively.


This is the first study to define the three-dimensional representation of the SCCs with a two-hands model. This may allow for a better understanding and the better teaching of the anatomy and diseases of SCCs.

Keywords: Semicircular canals, anatomy, anatomic model, inner ear, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo