Original Investigation

Depiction of Major Mite Allergens in Severe Allergic Rhinitis with High Mite Perennial Exposure


  • Ruperto González-Pérez
  • Paloma Poza-Guedes
  • Fernando Pineda
  • Miriam Castillo

Received Date: 13.04.2020 Accepted Date: 25.08.2020 Turk Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020;58(3):155-162


Airway diseases, including allergic rhinitis, are prompted by specific IgE antibodies against airborne allergens and notably those derived from mites. The presented study focused on the specific IgE immediate response to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (D. pteronyssinus) mite major allergens and the corresponding pertinence of molecular diagnosis in patients bothered with severe persistent rhinitis.


Individuals exhibiting confirmed sensitization to D. pteronyssinus along with a clinical diagnosis of coexisting severe allergic rhinitis were included in the study. In vivo investigations encompassed intradermal testing with a battery of standardized allergenic extracts, concurrent with in vitro specific IgE to the crude extract of D. pteronyssinus, and associated individual molecular allergens were assessed.


Fifty-five out of 59 subjects showed serodominant IgE responses to the major allergens Der p 1, Der p 2 and Der p 23. Both Der p 2 and Der p 23 reached a prevalence above 80%, while group 10 allergen tropomyosin was scarcely depicted (<10%) and exclusively present in younger individuals.


The proposed component-resolved diagnosis panel accurately recognized 93.22% of D. pteronyssinus allergic patients. The raised seroprevalence of IgE response to Der p 23 also confirmed this constituent as a major D. pteronyssinus allergen in severe allergic rhinitis. A molecular approach appears to be essential to frame a more precise diagnosis and eventually a personalized immunotherapy regarding this allergic condition.

Keywords: Allergen, allergic rhinitis, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, component-resolved diagnosis, house dust mite